Andrea S. Wiley

Andrea Wiley.jpg


Overview


Dr. Andrea S. Wiley is a Professor of Anthropology and a Director of Human Biology at Indiana University- Bloomington. She received her Bachelor degree in Biological Bases of Behavior from The University of Pennsylvania in 1984. Then she earned two Master degrees in Art from University of California, Berkeley. The first was in Anthropology in 1984, and the second degree in Demography in 1988. Dr. Wiley earned her PhD. degree in Medical Anthropology from University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco in 1992. Her interests in anthropology are framed within the reproductive health and diet and nutrition, particularly in South Asia, India [1]



Research and Work


Dr. Wiley's main contributions to anthropology are in two areas. She focused on environmental stress, specifically high altitude, and its impact on maternal and infant health in the Himalaya in India [2] . She stated that Ladakh, India population is less well adapted in a biological sense to the high-altitude stresses comparing with Andean population due to the genetic admixture that has occurred in the past [3] . She also looked at the sociocultural determinates that contributed to infant mortality and how the death of those infant have consequences for emotional development and household kinship relations[4] . Some of previous work within the framework of infant mortality rate within contemporary populations. She had identified that the Turkana population infant death, particularly weaning after crawling is associated with high correlation of death.[5] She looked at the reasons of those infant death in those population from a cultural and ecological approach.

Dr. Wiley's second interest area is her recent work more on with consumption and child health in the United States. More specifically, she analyses if milk consumption is a significant predictor of adult height[6] . Also, she demonstrated if milk consumption is correlated with increased BMI at preschool age[7] . She suggests that milk consumption has decreased in the United States while becoming a main food with special qualities in India and China[8] . In her recent work, she tried to" focus on the life history consequences of cow milk consumption among children from the prenatal period through adolescence, highlighting the ways in which it has been associated with alterations in growth and development, particularly height at different times during this period and age at menarche."(Wiley 2012:131).[9] . In general, Dr. Wiley has contributed to the field of anthropology in understanding the relationship between milk and growth and the evolutionary and biocultural perspectives. Also, one of her recent work concerns with milk is her book Re-imagining Milk (2011). This work give an overview of milk consumption in population variation. Wiley have also provide an evolutionary perspective on lactose resistance. She outline the history of milk consumption particularly in Europe and Untied States. Finally, Wiley discusses milk consumption and child development.[10]



Biography


Dr. Wiley is married to Richard Lippke and has two sons, Aidan and Emil. Previously, she held different positions in the field on anthropology in different universities, such as assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at Binghamton University - SUNY, Visiting Assistant professor in the Department of Scoilogy and Anhtopology at James Madison University, and other more. Currently, Dr. Wiley is director of the Human Biology program at Indiana University, Bloomington and a Professor of Anthropology. Dr. Wiley hold on the position as editorial board for the Series on Anthropology of Food and Nutrition since 2010. She is also an academic editor for PLoS One, an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal since 2011. Previously, Dr. Wiley held a position as editorial board for Medical Anthropology Quarterly from 1994-2009; held a President for Society for the Anthropology of Food and Nutrition; held a position as Executive Committee for American Anthropological Association from 2003-2007. Dr. Wiley had earned numerous awards, grants and scholarships; the last award was Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Post-PhD Research.



Major Publications


Books:


Wiley, Andrea S Cultures of Milk: The Biology and Culture of Dairy Consumption in India and the United States (Harvard University Press, under contract).

Wiley, Andrea S. and John S. Allen (2012) Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Perspective. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press. (in press)

Wiley, Andrea S. (2011) Re-imagining Milk. New York: Routledge Press.
Wiley, Andrea S. and John S. Allen (2008) Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Perspective. Oxford University Press.

Wiley, Andrea S. (2004) An Ecology of High-altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Cambridge Series in Medical Anthropology)


Articles/Book Chapters:


Wiley, Andrea S. (2012) Cow’s milk consumption and human biology: A life history approach. American Journal of Human Biology 24(3):in press doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22201

Wiley, Andrea S. (2012) Cow Milk Consumption, Insulin-like Growht Factor-I, and Human Biology: A Life History Approach. American Journal of Human Biology 24:130-138

Wiley, Andrea S. (2011) Cow’s milk consumption and age at menarche: evidence from
NHANES 1999-2004 PLoS ONE 6(2): e14685. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014685.

Wiley, Andrea S. (2010) Dairy and milk consumption and child growth: Is BMI involved? An analysis of NHANES 1999-2004. American Journal of Human Biology 22(3):517-525.

Wiley, Andrea S. (2009) Consumption of milk, but not other dairy products, is associated with height among U.S. preschool children in NHANES 1999-2002. Annals of Human Biology 36(2):125-138.

Wiley, Andrea S. (2007) Cow’s milk consumption and health: An evolutionary perspective. Evolutionary Medicine and Health. Wenda Trevathan, James McKenna, and E.O. Smith, eds; Oxford University Press, Pp. 116-133.



Further Reading


Wiley: Advertising affects rates of global milk consumption



References


  1. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. 2012. Curriculum Vitae. Retrieved from http://www.indiana.edu/~anthro/people/faculty/wileya.shtml
  2. ^ Andrea, Wiley S. (2005) Neonatal size and infant mortality at high altitude in the western Himalaya.American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Volume 94, Issue 3, pages 289–305
  3. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. (1994) Neonatal and maternal anthropometric characteristics in a high altitude Himalayan population American Journal of Human Biology. 6:499-510
  4. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. (2004) An Ecology of High-altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Cambridge Series in Medical Anthropology)</ref). Dr. Wiley published a book titled An Ecology of High Altitude Infancy: A Bicultural Perspective (2004) that concerns with this health-related issue. She also conducted research on low fertility due to sexually transmitted diseases and nutritional constrains on women hormones in Ladakhi region, Jammu-Kashmir state in India.<ref>Wiley, Andrea S. (1998) The ecology of low natural fertility in Ladakh. Journal of Biosocial Science 30(4):457-480
  5. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. and Pike, Ivy (1998) An alternative method for assessing early mortality in contemporary populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 107:315-330
  6. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. (2005) Does milk make children grow? Relationships between milk consumption and height in NHANES 1999-2002. American Journal of Human Biology 17(4): 425-441.
  7. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. (2010) Dairy and milk consumption and child growth: Is BMI involved? An analysis of NHANES 1999-2004. American Journal of Human Biology 22(3):517-525
  8. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. (2011) Milk for “growth”: global and local meanings of milk consumption in China, India, and the U.S. Food and Foodways 19(1):11-33. Reprinted in Local Foods Meet Global Foodways: Tasting History, Benjamin Lawrence and Carolyn De La Pena, eds. New York: Routledge, 2011
  9. ^ Wiley, Andrea 2012. Cow Milk Consumption, Insulin-like Growht Factor-I, and Human Biology: A Life History Approach. American Journal of Human Biology 24:130-138
  10. ^ Wiley, Andrea S. (2011) Re-imagining Milk. New York: Routledge Press.Wiley, Andrea S. and John S. Allen (2008) Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Perspective. Oxford University Press